DATE AND PUNCHANG
Date: 12 February 2022
Tithi: Ekadashi up to 16:25
Nakshatra: Ardra up to 33:26
Yoga: Vishkambha up to
First Karana: Vishti up to 16:25
Second Karana: Bava up to 29:38
According to the Hindu calendar, it is on the eleventh day of the month of Magha. Jaya Ekadashi occurs during the Shukla Paksha, or the fortnight preceding the Full Moon, in the lunar calendar. Jaya Ekadashi is observed by people who worship Lord Vishnu with zeal to obtain his eternal blessings. Fasting is a crucial aspect of the Ekadashi ritual. Devotees chant the ‘Shri Hari’ on Jaya Ekadashi.
According to legend, On Ekadashi, many people who faithfully follow the traditions do not even sleep at night and continue to chant Vishnu mantras. Jaya Ekadashi, which occurs between the middle of January and the middle of February, is a Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Fasting on this Hindu tithi is thought to absolve followers of all past and present sins, according to Hindu beliefs and folklore. The most important component of this observance is to feed the destitute and do Lord Vishnu’s puja, as doing so blesses devotees and bestows them with copious prosperity and happiness.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JAYA EKADASHI
The significance of Jaya Ekadashi has been recounted in numerous Hindu scriptures, including the Bhavishyottara Purana and the Padma Purana, in the form of a dialogue between Lord Krishna and King Yudhisthira.
The festival’s significance is comparable to that of other auspicious days when worshippers acquire multiple merits by performing acts of compassion and philanthropy. The fast followed on this day provides Lord Brahma, Mahesh, and Vishnu with the benefits of fasting. As a result, if the fast is kept with maximum devotion, the devotees will receive divine blessings. The ‘Padma Purana’ and the ‘Bhavisyothara Purana’ both mention the significance of Jaya Ekadashi.
To King Yudhisthira, the eldest of the five Pandavas, Lord Krishna had explained the significance and method of observing Ekadashi vrat. The Jaya Ekadashi vrat can cleanse a person of the most grievous crimes, including ‘Brahma Hatya.’ The fact that it is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and that it falls in the month of ‘Magh,’ which is favorable for worshipping Lord Shiva, makes Jaya Ekadashi extremely significant. As a result, Jaya Ekadashi is extremely significant for Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu followers.
RITUALS AND CELEBRATIONS
The devout observe a complete day of fasting. The vrat begins on the day of ‘Dashmi.’ After sunrise, no food is consumed. From the sunrise of Ekadashi till the sunrise of ‘Dwadashi,’ devotees fast. Anger or greed should not be allowed to enter the mind during the vrat. This vrat is intended to cleanse both the body and the soul. On Dwadashi day, the devotee must feed the Brahmins and then break their fast.
During the night, those who observe the vrat should also sing bhajans to glorifying Lord Vishnu. Those who are unable to fast can substitute milk and fruits. On this day, devotees must refrain from consuming rice and grain-based foods. On Jaya Ekadashi, Lord Vishnu is worshipped with devotion.
Devotees rise with the sun. After taking a bath, devotees worship a miniature idol of Lord Vishnu by presenting him with sandalwood paste, sesame seeds, fruits, a lamp, and a dhoop. On this day, devotees thank Lord Vishnu by reciting the ‘Vishnu Sahastranaam’ and ‘Narayan Stotra.’ People who are unable to fast completely can sustain a partial fast on milk and fruits. This exception is intended for the elderly, pregnant women, and individuals with serious physical conditions.
Even those who do not intend to fast on Jaya Ekadashi are required to abstain from eating rice and all grains. It is also forbidden to apply oil to one’s body. Even those who do not plan to fast on Jaya Ekadashi must refrain from consuming rice and other grains. Applying oil to one’s body is likewise prohibited.