DATE AND PUNCHANG
Date: 03 April 2022
Tithi: Dwitiya up to 12:42
Nakshatra: Ashwini up to 12:39
Yoga: Vaidhriti up to 07:42
First Karana: Kauvala upto 12:42
Second Karana: Taitila up to 25:16
Cheti Chand is a Sindhi holiday celebrated mostly by Sindhis. Sindhis are a Pakistani socio-ethnic community that originated in Sindh. After India’s partition in 1947, a large number of Sindhi Hindus fled to India. Here they developed their rituals and traditions, one of which being the Cheti Chand Festival. Cheti Chand is a Sindhi New Year’s Day and commemoration of Sindhi Patron Saint Jhulelal’s birthday. Jhulelal is also known as Ishtadeva Udero Lal (a Hindu water god avatar of Varun Dev). His other names include Uday Chand, Amar Laal, and Laal Sain. When Uderolal was a child, his cradle (jhule) would swing on its own, earning him the nickname “Jhulelal” (lal). Jhulelal was a man of miracles, and it was through his miracles that he was able to deliver justice to the Sindhis and open the oppressor’s eyes. This day is observed by the Sindhis to honor their divinity. Cheti Chand is observed on a day in the Chet month when the moon is waxing (chand). It is called ‘Chet-I-Chand’ because it is celebrated on the first or second day of the Sindhi Chet month (March–April) or the Hindu Chaitra month (March–April). Cheti Chand is a Hindu festival similar to Ugadi (Telugu and Kannada New Years) in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, as well as Gudi Padwa (Marathi New Year) in Maharashtra.
SIGNIFICANCE OF CHETI CHAND
Cheti Chand is celebrated on the same or next day as the Gudi Padwa and Ugadi festivals. Cheti Chand is generally observed on the second day of the Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month, when the moon is visible, according to the Hindu lunar calendar. Varun Dev appeared as Uderolal to defend the Sindhi community from the dictatorship of a monarch who intended to destroy Sindhi culture and Hinduism, according to legend. It’s also a day to thank and adore the God of Water.
CELEBRATIONS AND RITUALS
Jhulelal’s adherents pray for forty days (“Chaliho”) and then celebrate “Thanksgiving Day” following “Chaliho.” Devotees fast and break their fast with coconut milk, sugar, molasses, and fruits after offering prayers. Baharana Sahib is often taken to a local river or lake by Sindhis. A procession is led to the riverbank or the beach. Oil Lamp, Crystal Sugar, Cardamom, Fruits, and Akha, as well as a Water Jar and a Coconut, are all included in Baharana Sahib. Cloth, flowers, and leaves are used to decorate the plate. They also have a Jhulelal idol with them. Jyoti Jagan is conducted by lighting a wheat flour lamp with five wicks on a bronze plate loaded with rice grains, pure ghee, and vermilion. It is traditional to sing Lal Sain’s Panjras and Pallav after Bahrano Saheb is immersed in the water with rice and sugar Prasad called “Akho” to seek his blessings. On Cheti Chand, Sindhis greet each other with “Cheti Chand jyon Lakh Lakh Wadayun Athav.”
WHAT DO WE EAT ON CHETI CHAND?
The following is the list of food items that are specially made on this auspicious day.
- Sai Bhaji.
- Mitho Lolo.
- Sindhi Kadhi.
- Dal Pakwan