Chhat Puja

When is the Chhat Puja festival in 2021?

October 10, 2021(Wednesday)

Is Chhath Puja a day off for the public?

India has a few optional public holidays, including the Chhath Puja (Pratihar Sashthi/Surya Sashthi). Several Indian states, including Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand, honour this day as a public holiday, meaning that businesses are closed or operate under restricted hours.

Educational institutions, including schools, universities, colleges, and educational facilities, remain closed across the country. Public transport services are operational for the most of the day, but operate on a predetermined timetable.

The History of Chhath Puja

The origins of Chhath Puja have great importance and mark the starting point of its observance. It is known that Chhath Puja is a Vedic ceremony of followers who venerate Goddess Shashthi or Chhathi Maiya and Surya Dev, a Hindu sun goddess. On this special day, both of these magnificent creatures are revered with full respect, love, and commitment.

Why do Hindus worship Chhathi Maiya on Chhath Puja?

Devotees worship the goddess Chhathi Maiya, who is also known as Shashthi, on this day. Chhathi Maiya or Shashthi Devi, also known as Manas’s daughter, is a prominent deity in Hinduism who is honoured on the day of Chhath Puja, the equivalent of Surya Sashthi.

Worshipping Chhathi Maiya on this day is thought to help children achieve longevity, and the goddess provides her protection and care.

Why do people worship Lord Sun during Chhath Puja?

People give thanks to the Sun God for the success of the Chhath Puja festivities. Due to the perception that the sun is the source of life on Earth, adoration of the sun and thanksgiving for his generosity are components of Chhath Puja.

Hindu scriptures claim that the rays of the sun eradicate diseases, sicknesses, and negativity. An auspicious Sun is said to bring success, health, and riches. The Sun, regarded as Father and Soul’s benefactor in Vedic astrology, rules over Tuesday. Family, Public Service, and Respect. The ladies in the village honour Lord Sun on this auspicious day for their children’s longevity and to ensure their dreams are fulfilled.

Chhath Puja Celebrations: A Long Festival with Four Days

According to the Hindu calendar, the Chhath Puja, also known as Surya Shashthi, is to be observed on the day of Kartik Shukla Shashthi and ending on Kartik Shukla Saptami. Chhath Puja can be celebrated in two ways:

In the Hindu month of Chaitra of the Vikram Samvat calendar, the Chaitra Chhath is celebrated.

Kartik Chhath is celebrated in the Hindu month of Kartika, corresponding to the Hindu calendar month of Vikram Samvat.

Nahay Khay, however (First Day)

For the first day of Chhath Puja, local New Delhi residents cleanse themselves in the sacred waters of the Ganges, use Gangajal to purify their surroundings, and eat vegetarian cuisine cooked over a dirt stove with mango wood fire.

Kharna’s family (Second Day)

On the second day of Chhath Puja, known as Kharna, worshippers refrain from drinking any water for the whole day.

Evening worship of the Sun god concludes with a ritual meal that includes rice pudding, flatbreads, and fresh fruit.

Sandhya Arghya (referring to the women’s character) (Third Day)

On the third day, worshippers make a special offering to the sun, during the Kartik Shukla Shashthi. Individuals drape themselves in saffron-yellow or turmeric-yellow clothing and then pay their respects to the sun god by making an offering to him on the river’s edge.

People in the evening adorn a bamboo basket with Thekua, rice laddoos, and fruits to celebrate Lord Sun, and worship Chhathi Maiya with a sacred offering of a prasad, which is a combination of water and milk. Following the singing of local songs on Shashthi Devi and the recitation of Vrat Katha,

On nights when they can get together, worshipers hold the popular Panch Tattva Diya ceremony, in which five diyas made of clay are lighted underneath five stick-held sugarcane spears to commemorate the Panch Tattva (Air, Water, Earth, Fire and Space).

Usha Arghya and Usha’s Gift -> Usha’s Gift (Fourth Day)

After sunrise on the fourth and final day of Chhath Puja, worshippers offer Arghya to the Sun and adore the Goddess while standing knee-deep in water. A well-known treatment for women’s health issues is Parana, which includes a combination of ginger, honey, or jaggery, followed by a large amount of water and Sharbat, and then finally salty, vegetarian meals.

The day represents the completion of Chhath Puja.

Chhath Puja traditions and rituals

On the day of Chhath Puja, women are seen as the primary worshipers. However, this celebration has nothing to do with gender, thus we witness guys drowning in love on this day. Worshippers worship Goddess Chhati Maiya and pray to Lord Sun to help their family and children with their blessings and longevity.

In a number of different groups, there is a tradition that once a family member begins the Chhath Puja ceremonies, it becomes his or her job to execute the tradition each year and subsequently hand it off to future generations. If any unfortunate event like a family member’s death occurs, the observance is put off.

However, in the event that the individual decides to discontinue the ceremony at any point, it will be impossible to resume since it seems to be an irreversible break. Vegetarian prasad, which comprises fruits, vegetables, and sweet desserts like Thekua and Kheer, is provided.

Chhath Puja Vidhi

Devotees are responsible for locating all the necessary materials and then conducting the ceremony of pouring the Arghya gift to Lord Sun. These are the objects:

    • Bamboo baskets of three varieties
    • Three bamboo or brass sieves.
    • A dish, a glass, and milk.
    • The ingredients include: Akshat, Vermillion, coconut, diya, turmeric, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, and veggies.
    • camphor, lemons, pears, and the fragrant, exotic-smelling Sandalwood or Chandan
    • Risotto Cake, Semolina Pudding, Kheer-Puri, or Thekua and Suji Halwa, Laddoos with Rice

Place all the following ingredients in a bamboo basket. Once you’ve finished, place the prasad in the winnow, light a diya, and set it on the winnow. Fasting women must kneel in the holy water, submerging their knees to their calves, holding the soap in their hands, and bowing their heads to pray to the sun god.

Legend of Chhath Puja as Told in Mythology

In the epic Mahabharata, the significance of Chhath Puja is discussed. The text claims that Dhaumya, Maharishi to the Pandavas, encouraged Draupadi to also do this. Draupadi received intellectual gifts, and as a result she was able to assist the Pandavas in solving complex issues. By doing so, she was able to give the Pandavas back their strength and kingdom.

Chhathi Maiya is worshipped on the day of Chhath Puja, according to the Brahma Vaivarta Purana. As the narrative goes, King Priyavrat, the son of First Manu Swayambhu, wanted to have children of his own. After Maharishi Kashyap recommended that he conduct a yagna, Queen Malini, the wife of Maharaja Chander Sen, had a stillborn child.

This caused the monarchs to become upset. Mata Shashthi was standing atop a flying vehicle as it went by. The King made a plea to the Goddess, who identified herself as the “Manas Daughter of Lord Brahma.”

To make it easier for a childless couple to have a child, she said she is a guardian of children everywhere who grants wishes to those who have none. Afterwards, the Goddess revived the dead baby, which delighted the King. From that day on, the Chhathi Maiya devotion was ingrained in the culture.

Significance of Chhath Puja as per Astrology

Chhath Puja, a festival in celebration of the new year, has both astrological and scientific importance. Chhath Puja is regarded as a special astrological event since it happens on the Shashti tithi of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik. The sun is located in the southern hemisphere of the Earth on this same day.

The Sun shines its beams over the majority of the Earth during this period, which can lead to skin and eye problems from overexposure to UV radiation. Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival held annually on the third day of the waxing moon in the month of Kartik, which Hindus celebrate by giving Arghya to the Lord Sun. Therefore, we must worship the Sun more frequently.


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