Karwa Chauth is a major Hindu married women’s fast. Karwa Chauth – “Karwa” means pot in Hindi, and “Chauth” means fourth. On the fourth day of Kartik month. It is also known as Karva Chauth. On this day, married women fast from sunrise until moonrise for their husbands’ health and longevity. Unmarried females also celebrate this holiday to find a life spouse.
The Karwa Chauth festival is mostly observed by married ladies in Northern India. It follows the full moon 4 days (Sharad Purnima). In 2021, Karwa Chauth falls on Sunday, October 24, the Hindu month of Kartik.
Time for Puja, Fasting, and Moonrise
The puja time is determined by the moon rising. Thus, the puja timing varies per location.
Karwa Chauth Puja Muhurat – 05:43 – 06:59 PM
Upavasa Time – 06:27 AM to 08:07 PM
Duration 13 h 40 min
Moon rise on karwa chouth day- 08:07 PM
Karwa Chouth STORY (Katha)
The Karwa Chauth celebration has numerous legends. Here are some famous Karwa Chauth tales. Among them, queen Veeravati’s narrative stands out.
The Veeravati Legend
In mythology, Veeravati was the lone sister of seven loving brothers. After her marriage, she fasted with her brother’s spouses and mother. Her brothers invited her to supper at night, but she refused to eat anything before sunrise. Her brothers adored her and couldn’t bear to see her endure the hardships of fasting and waiting for the moon to rise. Seeing their sister’s suffering, the seven brothers resolved to break her fast by tricking her.
Then they invited her sister to break the fast in a mirror-like picture made of fire and Pipal tree leaves. Her sister-wives agreed to break the fast. But they stated her brothers were lying, the moon was not up yet. But Veervati evaded them. As the moon rose, the sister broke her fast and ate. Just as the queen finished her meal, she learned of her husband’s death. She ran to her spouse, meeting Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. She faithfully completed the Karwa Chauth rites and resurrected her spouse. Parvati advocated serious vrat observance.
Another Karwa Chauth tale says that before marriage, females would go live with their in-laws in faraway areas. The new wife would be a stranger. She would have no one to turn to if she had issues with her spouse or in-laws. Her own parents and relatives would be a long way away. Telephones, buses, and trains were unknown. Walking from one point to another took practically a day.
The girl may not return to her parents’ house for a long time. So, when the bride arrived at her in-laws’ house, she made a lifelong companion (Kangan-saheli) or sister (Dharam-Behn). It’s like god-friends or god-sisters. A Hindu ritual will sanctify their relationship during the wedding. In most cases, the bride’s companion is the same age (or slightly older), married into the same community (so she won’t leave), and not connected to her in-laws (so there was no conflict of interest later). It would be healthy and reassuring for the bride to have her own ‘relative’ around.
The bride and this woman would know they were god-friends or god-sisters. They’d be like sisters to each other. With their husbands or in-laws later in life, these ladies would be able to confide in one other and seek support. Her parents would also treat her like their own daughter. So Karwa Chauth began as a celebration to honour the newlyweds’ god-friends.
Karwa Chauth Rituals
- Mehndi Karwa
In Karwa Chauth, people can’t avoid applying Henna on their hands. In Hindu belief, using Henna during vrat increases lifespan, spiritual enlightenment, and husband fecundity. However, these Mehndi art styles are very dependent on the state, culture, location, personal preferences, and time available. These are amazing Mehndi patterns.
- Sargi Karwa
Sargi is the first rite done before daybreak. Gulping down a Thali full of various meals and cuisines is a must-do routine to stay fit and energised throughout the day. Following the Karwa Chauth customs, they can only break their fasts after peeping the moon.
- Baya Karwa
On this important Hindu holiday, mothers-in-law (saas) send a special gift (Click here for Gifts) to their daughters-in-law (bahu). This can be a beautiful Thali with 16 items (solah-shringar) or a gift of money or sweets.
- Shringar Karwa
However, the fasting practise is the most difficult since a lady cannot even drink a single drop of water till the moonrises. So, the only way to get worried is to focus more about appearing bonzer (beautiful) with Solah Shringar.
- Vrat Katha Narration
After then, there are a few serious rites and customary ceremonies that take place before the Karwa Chauth puja.
- Sieving moon at night
Catching a sight of the moon is a required rite during the moonrise. The fasting lady prays to the moon for her husband’s long life and wealth.
- Breaking the fast and gift-giving
Women are not allowed to eat (or drink) for the entire day. It is only after all the ceremonies and a look at the moon with the strainer that they thirst for shattering it. They also hope their beloved spouses would give them a present. Some unique gift ideas.
- Karwa Chauth Rituals
It isn’t only a fasting day. It has many lovely customs and ceremonies. Its preparation begins days prior. Women buy traditional clothing, shingar items, and jewellery. They buy karwa, sieve, matthi, etc. for Puja.
Women henna their hands the day before. The darker the henna, the more the spouse loves her. Karwa Chauth Mehndi is considered lucky and prosperous.
In the morning, ladies get up. They eat and drink early. Sargi is provided by the elders in the family. Punjabi for vermicelli kheer. Nowadays, sargi is provided with feni, matthi, shingar, jewellery, and clothing. The women start the day by dressing up. The ladies celebrate Karwa Chauth first, dressing up as brides. Women prepare with lovely clothes and accessories. bangles are new. They watch from dawn till dusk. Evenings are spent in a circle of females passing thalis. The Karwa Chauth tale. Women offer 10 earthen pots (Karwas) of sweets to Shiva and Parvati. After the rite, the Karwas are given to daughters and sisters.
Women break their fast after seeing the Moon. Women view the moon through a sieve, then their husbands. The husbands then offer their wives their first drink of water and a treat. It is also thought that the pair has a long and happy marriage with as many pores as the sieve has. The ritual of staring at the husband through the sieve is also supposed to erase any negative influences. On the first Karwa Chauth, a gift of feeke maththis, dried fruits, and presents is presented to the daughter’s mother-in-law. The gift is called “Baya”.
Step-by-step instructions Vrat Vidhi is an abbreviation for Vrat Vidhi.
In the morning, take a break from normal work and make a decision to begin the fasting period.
- On the day of fasting, do not consume any refreshments.
- Immediately after having your morning bath on the day of fasting, begin this Karwa Chauth fast by stating the following resolution-
- It is customary to begin the fast at the time of devotion in the morning with the chanting of the following mantra: ‘मम सुखसौभाग्य पुत्रपौत्रादि सुस्थिर श्री प्राप्तये करक चतुर्थी व्रतमहं करिष्ये।’
- Make a plaque from one of the rice grains and place it on the wall of the house’s temple to grind the rice. Then begin to work on this solution. Karwa dharna is the name given to this ceremony.
- Sriganesh was seated and put on a wooden pedestal in the evening, sitting on the lap of the statue of Maa Parvati, who was also there.
- Make Maa Parvati’s beauty even more beautiful by adorning her with various materials.
- Fill the Kore Karve with water to worship Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati, and then fill the Kore Karve with water to worship them.
- Women are fortunate in that they can fast for the entire day and listen to the tale of the fast.
- Only after sighting the moon in the evening should you and your spouse prepare food and drink.
- Take the blessings of everyone, including your husband and mother-in-law, and call the fast to an end.
Karwa Chauth is a festival of great significance.
Karwa Chauth is held to commemorate friendship, sisterhood, and a sense of belonging among people. Historically, this festival was observed as a prayer for the long life of troops serving in the war, and it is now observed as a prayer for the long life of a husband who is married to his wife. Aside from being a lovely sight, the fasting holiday has a number of important implications. It represents love and relationships, not only between a husband and wife, but also between other members of the family as well as between friends. A married woman’s role in her sasural life is highlighted in this passage (in-laws house). In contrast to other vrats, the Karwa Chauth vrat is a festival for married women, in which she may demonstrate her devotion and affection for her life partner. Unmarried women participate in this event in the hopes of finding the life mate of their dreams.