Makar Sankranti, observed on the 14th or 15th of January each year, heralds the arrival of longer and warmer days, ushering at the end of the winter cold. It symbolises the beginning of the Sun’s ascension into the northern hemisphere and is celebrated with great pomp and fanfare by the Hindus.


Makar Sankranti represents the Sun’s change of planetary houses at this time of year when it moves from Saggitarius to Capricorn. Although most Indian holidays follow the lunar calendar, Makar Sankranti follows the solar calendar and is therefore observed on the same day each year. This also marks the beginning of the holy period of Uttarayana, which is said to be the ideal time for achieving ‘Mukti.’


Makar Sankranti is observed on the 14th of January each year in the Hindu calendar month of Magha. Makar Sankranti is celebrated all across India under various names and traditions connected with this auspicious day. In Uttar Pradesh, it is known as ‘Khichri,’ in Tamil Nadu as ‘Pongal,’ in Assam as ‘Bhogali Bihu,’ in Central India as ‘Sakarat,’ and in Punjab and northern India as ‘Lohri.’


Different rituals are performed in various Indian states. The following are some of the main rituals of the Makar Sankranti holiday and its commemoration. People in Uttar Pradesh take ceremonial sacred baths in the Ganges. On this day, the renowned ‘Magh Mela’ in Allahabad begins at Prayag. On the eve of Sankranti, locals in Punjab light bonfires and conduct puja around the holy fire by tossing grains and sweets into it. This is followed by lavish feasts and a traditional ‘bhangra’ dancing around the fire. On that day, kite flying is very important in Gujarat. Other sacred traditions, such as presenting presents to younger members of the family, are popular during Makar Sankranti. Sankranti is celebrated in Maharashtra by the preparation and exchange of different types of jaggery and sesame seed sweets. People greet one another, and the married ladies of the home go out to purchase kitchenware. These are also given as presents called ‘Haldi Kumkum,’ which is an age-old custom in this area.

This day is dedicated to the harvest of God in Tamil Nadu and other areas of southern India. On this day, locals harvest their paddy and give sweets consisting of rice, lentils, and milk cooked in ghee to the household god. Pongal is the most important holiday observed by South Indians. On this day, the renowned Ganga Sagar Mela in Bengal begins. This is situated in the Ganga delta, where the river joins with the Bay of Bengal. On this day, people take holy baths in the river and perform early morning pujas to the Sun God. Among the tribals of Orissa, Makar Sankranti marks the beginning of the New Year, which is celebrated by preparing traditional foods and sharing them with friends and family.


The festival, Sankranti, is supposedly named after a deity known as Sankranti, who carried out an evil known as Sankarasur. The day before Makar Sankranti is named Karidian, while the day after is called Kinkran. Today, Devi executed Kinkarasur, who was one of the evil villains in the tale. Makar Sankranti’s fascinating facts and brief peeks are accessible in Panchang. The Panchang is the Hindu Almanac that provides information about Sankranti celebrations.While the sun begins to travel north in the northern hemisphere before Makar Sankranti, in India Sakranti is regarded as a day that begins the sunrise since before this date, the sun beams down on the southern hemisphere. In Hinduism, this era is known as the Uttaarayan. In the Mahabharata, Bhishma Pitamah was certain that the sun would set in Uttarayana, or the land of the north, to welcome death.


Date: 14 January 2022

Tithi: Dwadashi upto 22:18

Nakshatra: Rohini up to 20:15

Yoga: Shukla up to 13:25

First Karana: Bava up to 08:56

Second Karana: Baalava up to 22:18

Day: Friday

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