On Paush Purnima, Hindu devotees take a ritualistic bath and offer Arghya or prayers to the Sun God. People observe a day-long fast and pray to Lord Shiva. After the snan, people perform puja and read the vrat Katha associated with Paush Purnima. Paush Purnima is one of the most sacred and auspicious days for Hindus which takes place on the full moon day of Paush month as per the Hindu calendar. On this day, a large number of people take holy baths in the sacred Yamuna and Ganga rivers. The day falls in either January or December according to the Gregorian calendar. On the eve of Paush Purnima, people from all across the country come to Prayag Sangam to perform the ritual bath. It is thought that the Paush Purnima Vrat and washing rituals are extremely important because they help people purge their past and present sins and move closer to salvation (Moksha). Other prominent pilgrimage destinations where devotees undergo holy baths on Paush Purnima include Prayag, Ujjain, and Nasik.


The first and the most significant ritual to be performed on the day of Paush Purnima is to wake up early and observe a holy bath in a sacred river during sunrise. The religious practice of offering ‘Arghya’ to Lord Sun is performed as a part of the ritual. The observers are supposed to adore and give prayers to the ‘Shiva lingam’ after seeing the sacred dip. Lord Vishnu is worshipped, and devotees observe a ‘Satyanarayana fast.’ They must recite the ‘Satyanarayana Katha’ and prepare sacred food to present to the deity. At the end of the ritual, aarti will take place and prasad (holy food) will be distributed to the invitees. The reading time of Bhagavad Gita and Ramayana is considered an important ritual of the day. Throughout India, “Pushya Abhishek Yatra” is performed in various temples by Sir Vishnu and Sir Krishna. On this day of Paush Purnima, individuals also execute a variety of donations and charity work, including providing food, clothing, money, and other necessities to the destitute as part of the ‘Anna Daan’.


Many Purana legends and religious writings provide information on Paush Purnima’s past. Paush Purnima, according to the Purnimant calendar, is an auspicious day that marks the beginning of the Magha month. The Magha month is considered to be one of the most auspicious months in the Hindu calendar. As a result, Paush Purnima has enormous religious significance for any devout Hindu. Paush Purnima is also the day when Goddess Shakambhari is worshipped. She is one of Goddess Durga’s many avatars. Goddess Shakambhari is said to have saved the universe from famine. The Goddess is adorned with devotion on this day, and worshippers pray to her for a healthy life free of hunger.


Hindus observe this day with extreme devotion since it is holy. From sunrise till sunset, many people observe the Paush Purnima vrat. After observing the holy Moon of Purnima, they break their fast. To cleanse and purify their bodies and souls, some people bathe in holy rivers such as the Ganga, Yamuna, and Kaveri, or a nearby sacred pond. In Hindu mythology, taking a plunge in one of the holy rivers aids one’s attainment of Moksha or liberation from the eternal cycle of life and death. Paush Purnima is celebrated in various spots across India, including Kashi, Uttar Pradesh’s Triveni Sangam, and Uttarakhand’s Uttarakhand.


 Date: 17 January 2022

Tithi: Purnima upto 29:17

Nakshatra: Punarvasu upto 28:33

Yoga: Vaidhriti upto 15:40

First Karana: Vishti upto 16:19

Second Karana: Bava upto 29:17

Day: Monday

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