Panchang, also called Panchanga and Panchangam, has five basic elements of time of (Pancha-anga the five limbs) � Tithi, Vara, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana. These are used to elect a suitable day and time to perform various auspicious tasks like marriage, travel etc. Panchangam is also used to avoid the bad days and times.
Apart from the above five elements, the Traditional Panchangam also gives many other details like sunrise and sunset time, lagnas in a day, good and bad periods, ephemeris etc. Traditional astrologers use these elements of Panchangam to make birth charts etc.